Technically, the word counsellor means advisor, or one who advises or teaches.
In counselling it is understood that two individuals are putting their heads together in an intellectual manner in order to solve a problem.
Across most areas of counselling, typical work activities include:
● establishing a relationship of trust and respect with clients;
● agreeing a counselling contract to lay down what will be covered in sessions (including confidentiality issues);
●encouraging clients to talk about issues they feel they cannot normally share with others;
● actively listening to client concerns and empathising with their position; ●accepting without bias the issues raised by clients;
●helping clients towards a deeper understanding of their concerns;
●challenging any inconsistencies in what clients say or do;
●helping clients to make decisions and choices regarding possible ways forward;
●referring clients to other sources of help, as appropriate;
"Psychotherapy" is generally a longer-term treatment, which focuses more on gaining insight into chronic physical and emotional problems.
Its focus is on the patient's thought processes and way of being in the world rather than specific problems.
In actual practice there may be quite a bit of overlap between the two.
A therapist may provide counselling with specific situations and a counsellor may function in a psychotherapeutic manner.
Generally speaking, however, psychotherapy requires more skill than simple counselling.
It is conducted by professionals trained to practice psychotherapy such as a psychiatrist, a trained counsellor, social worker or psychologist. While a psychotherapist is qualified to provide counselling, a counsellor may or may not possess the necessary training and skills to provide psychotherapy.
Most of the time, counselling and psychotherapy refer to the same thing.
In all probability, there is some counselling and some psychotherapy intermittently taking place in the course of any single therapeutic hour.
London Psychology centre is a dedicated psychotherapy and counselling unit based in Southfields, near Wimbledon, specialising in psychotherapy, counselling, Cognitive Behaviourial Therapy (CBT); we deal with a wide range of psychological issues such as anxiety, depression, relationship breakdown, separation, loss, parental difficulties, adolescent problems.